The plant species of both hemp and marijuana is Cannabis sativa. However, hemp is genetically different and distinguished by its use and chemical makeup. To be classified as hemp, the level of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the plant must be at or below 0.3% on a dry weight basis. THC is the primary psychoactive chemical in marijuana.
Hemp stalks and hemp seeds are used to make a wide array of goods, including fabric, automobile parts, fiber board, carpeting, insulation, livestock feed, food products, and cannabidiol (CBD) products.
Until the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (the 2018 Farm Bill), all Cannabis sativa plants were classified as a Schedule I controlled substance under state and federal law. Although the 2018 Farm Bill reclassified hemp as an agricultural commodity rather than a Schedule I drug, it is important for the public to understand that hemp is not legal to grow, process, or handle in Alabama unless the individual is licensed by ADAI in the Alabama Hemp Program.