VIROLOGY & MOLECULAR TESTS & PREFERRED SPECIMENS

Agent

Procedure

Specimen

Avian adenovirus

Isolation, PCR

Liver, spleen

Avian astrovirus

PCR

Intestine

Avian chicken infectious anemia virus

PCR

Spleen, liver, buffy coat

Avian encephalomyelitis virus

Isolation

Brain, pancreas, duodenum

Avian infectious bronchitis virus

Isolation, PCR, RFLP

Trachea, cecal tonsil, kidney

Avian infectious bursal disease virus

Isolation with typing referred

Bursa of Fabricius

Avian influenza virus

Isolation, PCR

Pharyngeal swab, trachea, respiratory

Avian laryngotracheitis virus

Isolation, PCR

Trachea, conjunctiva

Avian leukosis subgroup J virus

PCR

Tumor, liver, spleen

Avian Newcastle - paramyxovirus virus

Isolation, PCR

Pharyngeal swab, trachea, respiratory

Avian polyomavirus

PCR

Spleen, kidney, liver, cloacal swab

Avian pox virus

Isolation

Skin, crusts

Avian psittacine herpesvirus (Pacheco's)

Isolation

Liver, spleen

Avian reovirus, intestinal

Isolation, PCR

Intestine

Avian reovirus, viral arthritis

Isolation, PCR

Tendon, heart

Avian reticuloendotheliosis virus

PCR

Tumor, liver, spleen

Avian rotavirus

PCR

Intestine

Bovine blue tongue virus

PCR

Buffy coat, spleen

Bovine coronavirus

FA

Intestine

Bovine herpesvirus 5

PCR

Trachea, lung, lymph node

Bovine infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus

FA, PCR

Trachea, lung, lymph node

Bovine parainfluenza 3 virus

FA

Lung

Bovine Respiratory syncytial virus

FA, PCR

Lung

Bovine viral diarrhea virus

PCR, AC-ELISA

Intestine, lymph node, ear notch, buffy coat, spleen

Canine coronavirus

FA

Intestine

Canine distemper virus

FA

Conjunctival swab, lung, brain

Canine hepatitis virus

FA

Liver

Canine herpesvirus

FA

Lung, liver, spleen

Canine parvovirus

FA

Intestine

Contagious ecthyma

FA

Skin, crusts

Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus

PCR

Brain

Epizootic hemorrhagic virus

PCR

Spleen, kidney, lymph node

Equine herpesvirus 1

PCR, Isolation

Lung, fetal viscera

Equine viral arteritis virus

PCR

Artery, spleen

Feline calicivirus

FA

Tissue, conjunctival swab

Feline infectious peritonitis virus

FA

Tissue, abdominal exudate

Feline panleukopenia virus

FA

Tissue, intestine

Feline viral rhinotracheitis virus

FA

Conjunctival swab

Rotavirus, mammalian

AC-ELISA

Intestine

West Nile virus

PCR

Brain